Conservation of Biodiversity

To conserve the global environment, we need to take actions to maintain and improve the self-recovery capabilities of the global environment. Recognizing that our businesses depend on the global ecosystem and that biodiversity plays an indispensable role in its health, the Ricoh Group is engaged in various biodiversity conservation activities.

Biodiversity and our business activities

In March 2009, the Ricoh Group formulated a policy that specifies its commitment to working for biodiversity conservation in the course of its business activities, and has continued an existing ecosystem conservation program and other activities since the 1990s. Following this policy, we have implemented initiatives to reduce the impact of our business activities on, and to contribute to, the conservation of biodiversity.

Mapping of relationship between business activities and biodiversity

The Ricoh Group created and uses the Map of Corporate Activities and Biodiversity that shows the relationship between corporate activities, such as product lifecycle and land use, and biodiversity.
From the map, we learned that MFPs have a large impact on the ecosystem due to procurement of raw materials (e.g., paper pulp and metals) and manufacturing and consumption of paper. We are using the discoveries from the mapping to enhance our biodiversity conservation activities in close cooperation with each business division.

Map of corporate activities and biodiversity (recycled copiers)

Map of corporate activities and biodiversity (recycled copiers)

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Regulations of Ricoh Group Products Made of Wood

In February 2010, the Ricoh Group established the group-wide Regulations of Ricoh Group Products Made of Wood. The new rules were developed based on the 2003 Environmental Standards for Paper Product Procurement to expand control over the procurement of wood raw material beyond that used in paper products. And they were to be applicable to the entire group.
These wood raw material procurement rules apply to two groups related to products under the Ricoh or Ricoh Group company brands, namely, paper products (plain copier paper, heat-sensitive paper, etc.) and articles/materials made from wood (manuals and instructions, packaging materials, cushioning materials, pallets, etc.) provided along with any lines of products1. Through this application, the rules aim to help protect HCVFs2, or forests with significant and critical value in terms of global environment and biodiversity conservation, by avoiding the use of wood sourced from these critical forests as material for the Ricoh Group products. The rules mainly provide for the prohibition of the use of wood sourced from HCVFs as raw material and for requirements to be met by suppliers, including provision for the suspension of business with noncompliant suppliers.
The Ricoh Group will use these new rules to exert control over wood material procurement for products made from wood, mainly paper products, thereby ensuring that the Group's procurement process contributes to the conservation of HCVFs.

  • *1Recycled materials, including used paper, leftover wood material and wood chips, are excluded, as it is difficult to trace the original sources of such materials.
  • *2High conservation value forests (HCVFs), as defined here, fall under any of the following categories: old growth forests; primary forests/virgin forests; natural forests containing habitats of endangered species; or forests for which multiple environmental groups claim protective measures need to be taken mainly from the perspective of biodiversity.
Regulations of Ricoh Group Products Made of Wood


IPM-based green space management:
An initiative to conserve biodiversity of office premises

Reducing the use of pesticides to less than 1% of the previous year's level in the green spaces at Ricoh Ohmori Office

IPM-based green space management:An initiative to conserve biodiversity of office premisesPeriodical monitoring

At the Ricoh Group's office and factories around the world, green space and greenery constitute an important part of these business sites. Some locations even have lush green forests within their premises. To conserve the biodiversity of such natural environments within our properties, the current Environmental Action Plan, effective for three years from April 2011, calls for: (1) maintenance of greenery coverage rates, (2) removal of invasive alien species, and (3) minimal use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers.
To recover the health of the ecosystems on our premises and in neighboring areas, the Ricoh Ohmori Office in Japan started to manage the green space on the premises under the approach of integrated pest management (IPM)*, a comprehensive approach to pest and weed management with minimal use of chemicals, in 2010.
Collaborating with GREEN WISE, a green management company, the Ohmori Office implemented IPM-based pest control measures, including physical removal, use of microbe-based pesticides, reviewing and changing where necessary the timing of carrying out pruning activities and the layout and types of greenery planted, and the conduction of periodical monitoring, along with other necessary actions. As a result, pesticide usage at the office was reduced to less than 0.17 % of the previous year's level. In 2012, other offices and plants in and outside of Japan also introduced the IPM approach into their green space management initiatives to help conserve biodiversity in their respective regions.

  • *Integrated pest management: An integrated approach for pest and weed control, which has been internationally adopted in agricultural operations in recent years. IPM adopts an optimal combination of pest and weed prevention and control means based on the consideration of every possible technique available. It aims to reduce the use of pesticides and other chemicals to minimal levels while at the same time preventing the proliferation and growth of pests and weeds and reducing and minimizing hazards to human health and the environment.
    Major IPM components include:
    - Physical control: Using light, sound, heat and mechanical methods;
    - Chemical control: Applying chemicals derived from natural ingredients;
    - Biological control: Introducing natural enemies of target pests; and
    - Cultivation control: Improving the quality of soil (e.g. enhancing drainage and ventilation)

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Conservation of forest ecosystems

Among various ecosystems, the Ricoh Group focuses particularly on forest ecosystems with rich biodiversity. We started forest ecosystem conservation projects in fiscal 2000 and now promote such projects in six countries and seven regions around the world. In these projects, we work to develop a society where local residents can maintain harmonious relationships with the forests in which they live and depend upon.

Ricoh Group Biodiversity Policy

Project for revitalization of mangrove forests on the north-central Selangor coast in Malaysia

Project for revitalization of mangrove forests on the north-central Selangor coast in Malaysia

Mangrove forests comprise a distinctive ecosystem that features the rich biodiversity of Malaysia. However, such forests are diminishing year by year as a result of illegal logging. The aim of this project is to share recognition of the importance of this forest ecosystem with the local residents and to achieve revitalization and sustainable conservation of such forests through environmental education and tree planting activities.

Ricoh's forest ecosystem conservation projects(As of the end of March 2012)
Start date Country Project name/NGO parther
Nov.2001 Japan Nagano Kurohime Afan Forest Conservation/ C.W.Nicol Afan Forest Foundation
Nov.2001 Japan Conservation of the Yanbaru Forest in Okinawa/Yanbaru Forest Trust
Mar.2002 Ghana Restoration of tropical rain forests/Conservation International
May 2004 Russia Conservation of Taiga,the northern limit habitat of tigers/Friends of the Earth Japan(FoE Japan)
Aug.2007 China Conservation of biodiversity at the Three Parallel Rivers, a World Heritage Site/Asia Green-Culture Association
Aug.2007 Brazill Restoration of forests in Boa Nova,lowland tropical forests along the Atlantic coast/BirdLife international Asia Divsion
Jul.2011 Malaysia Revltalization of mangrove forests on the north-central Selangor coast/Birdlife international Asia Divsion

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